||China, an ancient, mysterious and beautiful land, is always appealing to adventurous foreign visitors. As the third largest country in the world occupying an area of 9,600,000 sq km, it spans 62 degrees of longitude and 49 degrees of latitude. A wide variety of terrain and climate shape its numerous natural attractions. Abundant in a variety of resources, plants, animals, and minerals, the land has nurtured countless generations of Chinese people.|
|China has a continental climate, and a latitude spanning nearly 50 degrees. Much of the landmass is situated in the temperate zone, with the tropical and subtropical zones to the south, and reaching the frigid zone in the north, so temperatures differ strikingly across the country. The northern part of Heilongjiang Province has long winters but no summers, while the Hainan Island has long summers without winters. The Huaihe River valley( parts of Anhui provinces and the north part of JIangsu province) is marked by distinctive seasonal changes, but it is spring all year round in the south of the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau. In the northwest hinterland, the temperature changes dramatically. China's high tundra zone is situated in the Qinghai-Tibet, where the temperature is low in all four seasons, and incredibly low in winter. Some desert areas are dry all year round.|
||Transportation is of particular importance in China, as it covers such vast territory and is home to such a large population. In 1876, the first railway was built in China, and in 1906 the first highway was constructed. In 1929, the government began work on civil aviation. The following decades saw tremendous developments within the transportation industry.|
|In 1999, the total length of the national transportation line in China was about 3,073,200 kilometers (1,909,598 miles). In 2004, the number of passengers transported reached 17.67453 billion. As the transportation industry continues to expand in both quality and scale, it significantly contributes to the advancement of society as well as the national economy.
China currently has a comprehensive system of modern transportation which includes civil aviation, railway, road traffic and water transportation. As transportation in China becomes more accessible and more reliable, it is also becoming more technologically advanced. Modern modes of transportation such as express highways, electrified railroads, metros, light rails, and maglev railways are becoming increasingly common, especially in large cities.
|China is famous worldwide as the cradle of human civilization. All visitors may easily visit museums, archaeological sites, monuments, cultural centers throughout the country, all year round. From the majestic Forbidden City, Terra Cotta Army to the breathtaking natural beauty of Yangtze River, Three Gorges and Guilin, no matter you want to take an overview of China with a big round trip or discover the ancient silk road following the step of Marco Polo, we will show you an endless variety of sightseeing all over China.|
|Arts and Crafts
China is a treasure house of arts and crafts which are an important part of the Nation's cultural inheritance. Products such as carving, embroidery, pottery and porcelain, glassware and dyeing, replicas of ancient cultural relics are all exquisitely crafted. Other well-known crafts are weaving, printing and dyeing. Cloisonne is a special traditional handicraft of Beijing while Jiangxi Jingdezhen ware is a representative of China's fine porcelain. China's handmade carpets are much sought after in international markets. Suzhou, Hunan, Guangdong and Sichuan embroidery are four of China's best-known embroideries. Some of the regional art and craft specialties include the wood carving of Dongyang and the bamboo products of Shengxian from Zhejiang Province, the clay figurine of Master Zhang from Tianjin, the grass and wickerwork from Shandong Province, the three color-glaze Tang ware of Luoyang from Henan Province, the batik from Guizhou Province and the Huishan clay figurine of Wuxi from Jiangsu Province. Also well-know are the four treasures of study of Xuan paper and ink stick from Anhui Province, Duan ink slab from Zhaoqing, Guangdong Province, and Shanlianhu writing brush from Wuxing, Zhejiang Province. There are many other famous handicrafts, such as folk paper cuts created by women farmers.
Other popular Chinese products include:
Silk: Chinese silk is famous in the world for its magnificent quality, color and variety. Representative samples are brocade from Hangzhou, Sichuan brocade from Chengdu, the fine, tough silk and pure silk crepe from Suzhou and tussah silk from Dandong.
Tea: China is the home of tea. Tea is divided into green, black, perfumed, white and Wulong tea. Longjing (green tea) and Biluochun (green tea), are famous throughout the world.
Liquors and Wines: Since ancient times, China’s spirits and wines have developed in their unique way and have won many international awards. Famous liquors include Maotai from Guizhou, Fen and Zhuyeqing from Shanxi, Wuliangye, Jiannanchun and Luzhou Laojiao from Sichuan, Gujing tribute liquor from Anhui, Yanghe Daqu from Jiangsu and Dong Liquor from Guizhou. Fruit wines include gold medal brandy, red grape wine and Weimeisi from Yantai, China red grape wine from Beijing, Shacheng white grape wine form Hebei, Minquan white grape wine from Henan. Yellow rice wines include rice wine from Shaoxing, sinking-in-jar wine from Longyan and sealed jar wine from Danyang. Yanjing and Qingdao are two famous brands of the many varieties of fine beers available in China.
Traditional Chinese medicine: The body of knowledge that makes up traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been accumulated over thousands of years. It is a school of its own. Numerous herbal and other drugs are being used for their high curative efficacy, and those with a high tonic value are favorites with the Chinese.
||The most popular cuisine in Shenzhen is Guangdong style cuisine while international cuisine is also strong here. Thai, Vietnamese, Indonesian, Korean and Japanese food is available throughout the city.
The Dongmen area of the city is one of the best districts to check out local cuisine. Seafood is also hugely popular and generally very fresh and full of flavor here.
The city's "Food Street" and "Dapaidang" road are good places to try local snacks and dishes. Most of the places around here are open all night.
|2014 China Public Holidays|
|1 Jan:||New Year's Day|
|31 Jan:||Chinese New Year|
|1 Feb:||Chinese New Year|
|2 Feb:||Chinese New Year|
|5 Apr:||Ching Ming Festival|
|1-3 May:||Labour Day|
|2 Jun:||Dragon Boat Festival|
|8 Sep:||Chinese Mid-Autumn Festival|
|1 Oct:||National Day|
|2 Oct:||The First Day after the National Day|
|3 Oct:||The Second Day after the National Day|
|Chinese Spring Festival: Spring Festival is the most important occasion for the Chinese people. No matter how far people stay away, they are eager to go home and stay together with their families on this special festival.
Lantern Festival: The night of 15th of January according to Chinese lunar calendar is the first full-moon night in the New Year. People treat it as a symbol of New Year and celebrate on that day. They appreciate the bright moon and the beautiful lanterns, burn fireworks, guess lantern riddles and eat yuanxiao (stuffed dumplings made of glutinous rice flour served in soup) together.
Dragon Boat Festival: Dragon Boat Festival or Duanwu Festival is a traditional festival and statutory holiday in China. The main celebrations of course include the dragon boat racing but eating Zongzi (A pyramid-shaped glutinous rice dumpling wrapped in bamboo or reed leaves) is also customary.
Mid-autumn Festival: August the 15th according to the lunar calendar is the traditional Mid-autumn Festival in China. On the night of Mid-autumn Festival, looking at the bright full-moon, people stay far away from home miss their families very much.
|Population:||1,321,851,888 (July 2007 est.)|
|People:||In order of population, this is the list of the 56 ethnic groups in China that are officially recognised by the government of the People\'s Republic of China. The governments of the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau, however, do not distinguish between different Chinese ethnic groups.|
|Ethnolinguistic map of the People\'s Republic of China and the Republic of China (Taiwan)|
| 1. Han (zh:汉族; Traditional: 漢族; Hàn Zú)
2. Zhuang (zh:壮族; Traditional: 壯族; Zhuàng Zú)
3. Manchu (zh:满族; Traditional: 滿族; Mǎn Zú)
4. Hui (zh:回族; Huí Zú) (Also includes Utsuls of Hainan, descended from Cham refugees.)
5. Miao (zh:苗族; Miáo Zú) (Hmong)
6. Uyghurs (zh:维吾尔族; Traditional: 維吾爾族; Wéiwúěr Zú)
7. Yi (zh:彝族; Yí Zú)
8. Tujia (zh:土家族; Tǔjiā Zú)
9. Mongols (zh:蒙古族; Měnggǔ Zú)
10. Tibetan (zh:藏族; Zàng Zú) (including Amdowa and Khampa)
11. Buyei (zh:布依族; Bùyī Zú)
12. Dong (zh:侗族; Dòng Zú)
13. Yao (zh:瑶族; Traditional: 瑤族; Yáo Zú)
14. Korean (zh:朝鲜族; Traditional: 朝鮮族; Cháoxiǎn Zú)
15. Bai (zh:白族; Bái Zú)
16. Hani (zh:哈尼族; Hāní Zú)
17. Li (zh:黎族; Lí Zú)
18. Kazakh (zh:哈萨克族; 哈薩克族; Hāsàkè Zú)
19. Dai (zh:傣族; Dǎi Zú, also called Dai Lue, one of the Tai ethnic groups)
20. She (zh:畲族; Shē Zú)
21. Lisu (zh:傈僳族; Lìsù Zú)
22. Gelao (zh:仡佬族: Gēlǎo Zú)
23. Lahu (zh:拉祜族; Lāhù Zú)
24. Dongxiang (zh:东乡族; Traditional: 東鄉族; Dōngxiāng Zú)
25. Va (zh:佤族: Wǎ Zú) ([[:zh:Va)
26. Sui (zh:水族: Shuǐ Zú)
27. Nakhi (zh:纳西族; Traditional: 納西族; Nàxī Zú) (Also included are the zh:摩梭; Mósuō))
28. Qiang (zh:羌族: Qiāng Zú)
29. Tu (zh:土族: Tǔ Zú)
30. Xibe (zh:锡伯族; Traditional: 錫伯族; Xíbó Zú)
31. Mulao (zh:仫佬族; Mùlǎo Zú)
32. Kyrgyz (zh:柯尔克孜族; Traditional: 柯爾克孜族; Kēěrkèzī Zú)
33. Daur (zh:达斡尔族; Traditional: 達斡爾族; Dáwòěr Zú)
34. Jingpo (zh:景颇族; Traditional: 景頗族; Jǐngpō Zú) (Known as Kachin in Myanmar.)
35. Salar (zh:撒拉族; Sǎlá Zú)
36. Blang (zh:布朗族; Bùlǎng Zú)
37. Maonan (zh:毛南族; Màonán Zú)
38. Tajik (zh:塔吉克族; Tǎjíkè Zú)
39. Pumi (zh:普米族; Pǔmǐ Zú)
40. Achang (zh:阿昌族; Āchāng Zú)
41. Nu (zh:怒族; Nù Zú)
42. Ewenki (zh:鄂温克族; Èwēnkè Zú)
43. Jing (zh:京族: Jīng Zú) (The same group as Vietnamese or Kinh in Sino-Viet and historically referred to as 越 Yuè, or Sino-Viet Việt. See Yue (peoples).)
44. Jino (zh:基诺族; Traditional: 基諾族; Jīnuò Zú)
45. De\'ang (zh:德昂族; Déáng Zú)
46. Uzbeks (zh:乌孜别克族; Traditional: 烏孜别克族; Wūzībiékè Zú)
47. Russian (zh:俄罗斯族; Traditional: 俄羅斯族; Éluōsī Zú)
48. Yugur (zh:裕固族; Yùgù Zú)
49. Bonan (zh:保安族; Bǎoān Zú)
50. Monba (zh:门巴族; Traditional: 門巴族; Ménbā Zú)
51. Oroqen (zh:鄂伦春族; Traditional: 鄂倫春族; Èlúnchūn Zú)
52. Derung (zh:独龙族; Traditional: 獨龍族; Dúlóng Zú)
53. Tatars (zh:塔塔尔族; Traditional: 塔塔爾族; Tǎtǎěr Zú)
54. Hezhen (zh:赫哲族; Hèzhé Zú) (the same group as Nanai on the Russian side of the border)
55. Lhoba (zh:珞巴族: Luòbā Zú)
56. Gaoshan (zh:高山族; Gāoshān Zú) (a collective name for all Taiwanese aborigine groups in Taiwan)
|Language:||Mandarin (Putonghua), regional: Wu (Shanghaiese), Cantonese (Yue), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages|
|Religion:||Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Christian 3%-4%, Muslim 1%-2% (officially atheist)|
|Country Dialing Code:||86|
|Currency:||Renminbi (RMB, ¥)|
|Electric Plug & voltage:||220V/50Hz (US plug for 2-pin, Australian plug for 3-pin)|
|Tipping:||It is a common practice for visitors to tip the tour guide and driver in recognition of their good service. Hotel bellboy expects your tips as well. It is not customary to leave tips at hotel or local restaurant as the bill usually includes 10-15% service charge.|
Map of Shanghai Expo 2010 http://www.asiatravelcare.com/mktg/images/20100104/20100104map.htm
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